Answers and Explanations - Nutrition

Posted by Stuart C. Silverstein, MD Laughing Your Way to Passing the Pediatric Boards on Jan 9th 2023

Take our Quiz - Nutrition

1 - Which of the following is true regarding home prepared versus commercial baby food
products in infants?

Correct Answer : C
Pureed home prepared foods can be frozen and used later

Home prepared foods do not decrease the risk of food allergies. Standard bottled vegetables may
contain more sugar and salt than an infant can tolerate so home prepared vegetables are preferred.
Honey should never be given to an infant during the first year of life.

Home prepared products should be pureed and can be frozen and used later.

2 - Breast milk is known to contain each of the following EXCEPT:

Correct Answer : C

Breast milk is known to contain IgA, immunomodulating agents to enhance the breast-feeding infant’s own immune system, anti-inflammatory agents, and anti-microbial agents.

However choice C, IgG would be incorrect since IgG is not present in breast milk.

3 - Calciferol deficiency can result in each of the following EXCEPT:

Correct Answer : D
Pharyngeal ulcers

Calciferol is another name for vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency can result in high serum phosphatase levels, infantile tetany, poor growth and osteomalacia.

Calciferol regulates the absorption and deposition of calcium and phosphorus. High serum
phosphatase levels can appear prior to the bone deformities seen with rickets.

However calciferol or vitamin D deficiency does not result in pharyngeal ulcers.

4 - Each of the following are associated with breastfeeding except:

Correct Answer : D
Reduced weight loss in the immediate postpartum period

Breastfeeding like most gifts benefits the giver and the receiver. Mothers who breastfeed are at lower risk for breast as well as ovarian cancer, type 2 diabetes and postpartum depression.

There is an increased rate of weight loss in the immediate post-partum period. In other words

weight is lost more quickly.

5 - Niacin deficiency results in each of the following EXCEPT:

Correct Answer: B

Niacin (Vitamin B3) deficiency can result in pellagra, which manifests as GI distress, dementia, and skin manifestations, including rash.

Xerophthalmia is associated with vitamin A (retinol) deficiency, not niacin deficiency.